Puppy Neo Natal Care
If you are still uncertain when your girl is due to have her puppies, a blood test to check progesterone is your next best check. If her point is 5 she has up to 2 days until the pups are due, if her points are 2, she is ready to have her pups now.
Puppy Neo Natal Care
- If you are worried about a puppy, taking a temperature (temp) is a good first step (if a puppy is too cold you shouldn’t feed it).
- The normal temp of the puppies in their first week is 32c – 36.6c, the temp gets higher as the puppy gets older.
- If the thermometer reads ‘Low’, then the puppy needs to be warmed up slowly over an hour – it can be dangerous to warm the puppy too quickly. Warm them up by having them covered over and on a freshly warmed wheat bag.
- If the temp is above 36.6, first check the environment isn’t to warm. You can also check another puppy’s temp for a comparison. Try moving the puppy to the other end of the box where the heat pad has ended.
- After 30mins, re-check the temp. If it is still high it could be caused by three different things: Infection, Inflammation or Pain. If it has reduced back to normal – yay!
- If the temp is still high – contact your vet immediately – advising the steps you have taken.
- The best way to tell if a puppy is dehydrated is to look at the colour of it’s’ urine (on a tissue). It should be pale yellow (almost clear).
- Another way to you can tell if a puppy is dehydrated is their mouth will feel dry and tacky, instead of wet and slippery.
- You may have previously used a pinch test of the skin; however research shows this is not a clear indicator in puppies (however this test is still relevant for adult dogs).
- If the puppy is feeding well, then take note of its faeces – if they are runny that will be causing them to be dehydrated.
- If the puppy isn’t feeding well, contact your vet.
- If the puppies’ faeces are green, bright yellow bloody etc. – contact your vet.
- We weigh our puppies on their first day as a starting point AND the same time every day at the same stage (before feeding / before toileting) for the first 2 weeks.
- Mum dog will have milk when the pups are born. Her milk supply increases hugely after 3-4 days. The more the pups feed (demand) the quicker she will come into milk.
- Consult your vet for concerns about milk fever or breathing abnormalities (high breath rate or increased noise).
- The pups should gain 5-10% of bodyweight/day in the first few weeks (they may lose weight the first 2-3 days depending on mums’ milk volume. E.g. a 250g pup should put on 12.5-25g over 24 hours.
- If you are uncertain if the mum has enough milk for her pups, toilet the pups (stimulate their pee area with a wet flannel) and weigh before a feed. Let them feed and then weight after the feed. If they have put on 2-3 grams, this may not be enough for them sustain their growth demands and you may need to top them up with formula.
- If you notice any colour change, note how long the puppy takes to return to a normal colour and if any event triggered the colour changes e.g. being handled, suckling, getting cold or after feeding. If you need to take the pup to the vet, this information is very helpful to them. “Pink is good” the puppies lips, stomach and paws should be very bright pink for the first 5-7 days. Grey is bad especially the tummy area it means either the organs are shutting down or the puppy is simply to cold.
Hacking, gasping, and non-natural breathing consult help immediately.
Keeping Puppies clean:
Formula feeding calculation:
Body weight in grams x .22 = ml to feed per day (24 hours) divide by 10 feeds.
5.5ml 2 hourly maximum